The fact of the matter is that progressivism, various brands of western socialism, fascism and even communism itself, are all steeped in a modern philosophy of history that is deeply rooted in this apocalyptic Judeo-Christian tradition. While some may emphasize the gradual perfectibility of man over time, others, like the Marxists for example, emphasize a more drastic, apocalyptic millenarian view of history, both of which stand in sharp contrast to the Greco-Roman mythology of Eternal Return, i.e., that history was a vicious circle which mirrors Nature’s life and death annual cycles. As such, under the Greeks and Romans, history was never seen to be the basis of a future redemptive hope, but viewed as something to escape from. What the Greeks and Romans were looking for was not a future redemption within the confines of the historical process, but an a-physical, timeless beyond where suffering and death no longer held sway over the material body. In other words, the progressive, linear concept of time and the hopeful modern orientation toward a goal directed historical future are all based on countless biblical prophecies which predict such an end time scenario going all the way back to the prophet Isaiah who prophesied that the nations will finally one day “hammer their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks (Isaiah 2:4; Micah 4:3).” This prophecy has become the very symbol of the United Nations. Indeed, the whole point of the Old and New Testaments strongly teaches a progressive revelation of God within the confines of history. It is this particular view of history that modernity has wholeheartedly adopted into its own way of thinking, yet has abandoned the religious milieu in which such ideas were originally born.
This outstanding modern problem, which most people are even unaware of thanks to more than 150 years of socialistic-communistic-fascist propaganda, is summarized best of all by British scholar Rolf Gruner, “modern man’s understanding of history has a religious ancestry without itself being religious. That is to say, it has retained the features such as the linear conception of time and the notion of history as a goal-directed process, but has jettisoned the sacred and supernatural context in which alone they had once made sense.” In other words, without an all-powerful transcendent Creator who is sovereign over all of history, and who can even bring about the resurrection of the dead, not to mention the future apocalypse, a linear concept of time that views history as a goal-directed redemptive process makes no sense whatsoever. Even worse is that such secular ideas loosed from their religious moorings also degrades all previous generations to the status of a mere means to a future end that none of its peoples will ever be able to share in for the simple reason that they were born at the wrong time. It even justifies the sacrificing of past generations, which more than a few modern social engineers have been all too willing to be engaged in. As is usually the case with them, the end justifies the means.
In conclusion, Jesus had a parable to perfectly summarize this particular conundrum,
Lucifer - The Original Fascist